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Lyme carditis references ** 

Avitabile C, Harris M, Chowdhury D. Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Characterizes Myocarditis in a 16-Year-Old Female With Lyme Disease. World Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery. 2016;7(3):394-396. doi:10.1177/2150135115593134. [PubMed]

Bacino L, Gazzarata M, Siri G, Cordone S, Bellotti P. [Complete atrioventricular block as the first clinical manifestation of a tick bite (Lyme disease)] [in Italian]. Giornale italiano di cardiologia (2006). 2011;12(3):214–6. [PubMed]

Clinckaert C, Bidgoli S, Verbeet T, et al. Peroperative cardiogenic shock suggesting acute coronary syndrome as initial manifestation of Lyme carditis. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. 2016;35:430–433. doi:10.1016/j.jclinane.2016.08.005. [PubMed]

Dernedde S, Piper C, Kühl U, et al. [The Lyme carditis as a rare differential diagnosis to an anterior myocardial infarction] [in German]. Zeitschrift für Kardiologie. 2002;91(12):1053–1060. doi:10.1007/s00392-002-0873-4. [PubMed]

Guenther F, Bode C, Faber T. [Reversible complete heart block by re-infection with Borrelia burgdorferi with negative IgM-antibodies] [in German]. Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946). 2008;134:23–6. [PubMed]

Karadag B, Spieker L, Schwitter J et al. Lyme carditis: restitutio ad integrum documented by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Cardiology in Review. 2004;12(4):185-187. doi:10.1097/01.crd.0000123841.02777.5d. [PubMed]

Kostić T, Momčilović S, Perišić Z et al. Manifestations of Lyme carditis. International Journal of Cardiology. 2017;232:24-32. doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.12.169. [PubMed]

Kubánek M, Šramko M, Berenová D, et al. Detection of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in endomyocardial biopsy specimens in individuals with recent-onset dilated cardiomyopathy. European Journal of Heart Failure. 2012;14(6):588–596. doi:10.1093/eurjhf/hfs027. [PubMed

Meimoun P, Sayah S, Benali T, et al. [Lyme disease presenting as infarction pain. A case report] [in French]. Archives des maladies du coeur et des vaisseaux. 2002;94(12):1419–22. [PubMed]

Rostoff P, Konduracka E, Massri E, et al. [Lyme carditis presenting as acute coronary syndrome: A case report] [in Polish]. Kardiologia polska. 2008;66(4):420–5. [PubMed]

Rudenko N, Golovchenko M, Mokracek A, et al. Detection of Borrelia bissettii in cardiac valve tissue of a patient with Endocarditis and Aortic valve Stenosis in the Czech Republic. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2008;46(10):3540–3543. doi:10.1128/jcm.01032-08. [PubMed]

Sauvant G, Bossart W, Kurrer M, Follath F. [Diagnosis and course of myocarditis: A survey in the medical clinics of Zurich university hospital 1980 to 1998] [in German]. Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift. 2000;130(36):1265–71. [PubMed]

Stanek G, Klein J, Bittner R, Glogar D. Borrelia burgdorferi as an etiologic agent in chronic heart failure? Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases. Supplementum. 1991;77:85–7. [PubMed


Some definitions of Terminology

✓  The secondary stage results from the dissemination of Borrelia during the early latent stage.

✓  The late stage is considered chronic if the duration is more than six months.

✓ ** (double red asterisks) indicates possibility of fatality from the condition 


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