donderdag, 07 september 2017 12:05

Lijst van referenties van psychiatrische symptomen van Lyme

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Deze uitgebreide lijst van peer-reviewed referenties die de associatie tonen tussen Lyme Borreliosis, co-infecties en psychiatrische symptomen, werden door Robert C Bransfield, MD, DLFAPA, aan de Senaat van New York verstrekt na zijn getuigenis bij de recente hoorzitting over de ziekte van Lyme. Aangezien zowel patiënten als artsen moeite hebben met de verwarring over de psychiatrische expressie van Lyme Borreliosis en met de omkering van het causale effect ("is de mentale toestand de oorzaak van de ziekte of eerder een symptoom?"), hebben we deze lijst voor u opgenomen. Het kan nuttig zijn, bijvoorbeeld bij het omgaan met beschuldigingen van bijvoorbeeld Jeugdzorg.

Introductie

Er zijn duizenden peer-reviewed referenties die de associatie tussen infecties en mentale symptomen aantonen en er zijn minstens 65 verschillende microben herkend bij psychische symptomen. Meer dan driehonderd peer-reviewed artikelen beschrijven het oorzakelijk verband tussen Lyme / tekenbeetziekten en psychische symptomen, pathofysiologie, morbiditeit en sterfte. Sommigen hiervan zijn hieronder als addendum opgenomen zijn.

Lyme disease: a neuropsychiatric illness is een belangrijk en klassiek artikel dat dit verband samenvat. A Controlled Study of Cognitive Deficits in Children With Chronic Lyme Disease is een bijzonder nuttige bron voor het beschrijven van enkele cognitieve symptomen die verband houden met Lyme / tekenbeetziekten.

Poging tot zelfmoord en voltooide zelfmoord geassocieerd met neuro-psychiatrische manifestaties van Lyme-ziekte en andere tekenbeetziekten is waargenomen en gerapporteerd door de auteur en vele andere clinici. Een artikel in het American Journal of Psychiatry, Higher Prevalence of Antibodies to Borrelia Burgdorferi in Psychiatric Patients Than in Healthy Subjects vergeleek 499 psychiatrische patiënten met enkele gezonde controles en vond dat er bij significant meer psychiatrische patiënten seropositieve waardes voor Borrelia burgdorferi (33% tegen 19% ) voorkomen, waardoor een associatie tussen Borrelia burgdorferi infecties en psychiatrische morbiditeit wordt aangetoond.

Daarentegen zijn er slechts enkele artikelen van lage kwaliteit, die proberen de oorzakelijk verband tussen tekenbetenziekten en psychiatrische ziekte te ontkennen. Deze artikelen hebben geen wetenschappelijke meerwaarde.

In de onderstaande lijst van artikelen is er significant bewijs te vinden dat meer uitgebreide antibiotische behandeling nodig is om de psychiatrische symptomen te beheersen, die verband houden met de ziekte van Lyme en andere tekenbetenziekten.

Peer-Reviewed References for Psychiatric Symptoms
 and Lyme/Tick-Borne Diseases (verder niet vertaald)

A controlled study of deficits in children with chronic Lyme disease. AUTHORS: Tager, F., Fallon, B., Keilp, J, Rissenberg, M., Jones, C.R. & Liebowitz, M. SOURCE: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 2001; 13: 500-507.

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis [letter] 
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Nields JA. 
SOURCE: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 1998 Summer;10(3):366-7

Acute and Chronic Lyme Disease: Controversies for Neuropsychiatry. AUTHORS: Hurley RA, Taber KH. SOURCE: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 20:1, Winter 2008 http://neuro.psychiatryonline.org

Acute and chronic pain associated with Lyme borreliosis: clinical characteristics and pathophysiologic mechanisms. AUTHORS: Zimering JH, Williams MR, Eiras ME, Fallon BA, Logigian EL, Dworkin RH et al. SOURCE: Pain. 2014 Aug;155(8):1435-1438.

Acute and chronic neuroborreliosis with and without CNS involvement: a clinical, MRI, and HLA study of 27 cases. AUTHORS: Krüger H, Heim E, Schuknecht B, Scholz S. SOURCE: J Neurol. 1991 Aug;238(5):271-80.

Acute Lyme Neuroborreliosis With Transient Hemiparesis and Aphasia. AUTHORS: Sokolov A, Lienhard R, Du Pasquier R, Véronique Erard V. SOURCE: Annals of Emergency Medicine. Published Online: February 25, 2015 http://www.annemergmed.com/article/S0196-0644(15)00028-1/abstract

A Girl with Seizures. AUTHOR: Carla Rothaus. SOURCE: NEJM. May 22nd, 2015. http://blogs.nejm.org/now/index.php/a-girl-with-seizures/2015/05/22/comment-page-1/#comment-225701

A Groundhog, a Novel Bartonella Sequence, and My Father’s Death. AUTHORS: Breitschwerdt EB, Maggi RG, Cadenas MB, Vissotto de Paiva Diniz PP. SOURCE: Emerging Infectious Diseases • www.cdc.gov/eid • 2009 Aug;15(12): 2080-6 http://www.cdc.gov/eid/content/15/12/pdfs/2080.pdf

Alcohol and epilepsy: a case report between alcohol withdrawal seizures and neuroborreliosis. AUTHORS: Gheorghiev C, De Montleau F, Defuentes G. SOURCE: Encephale. 2011 Jun;37(3):231-7.

Altered mental status, an unusual manifestation of early disseminated Lyme disease: A case report. AUTHORS: Chabria SB, Lawrason J. SOURCE: J Med Case Reports. 2007 Aug 9;1:62.

Alzheimer's disease and infection: Do infectious agents contribute to progression of Alzheimer's disease? AUTHORS: Honjo K, van Reekum R, Rand Nicolaas, Verhoeff NPLG. SOURCE: Alzheimer's and Dementia. Vol 5;4, July 2009, p 348-360

Alzheimer's disease - a neurospirochetosis. Analysis of the evidence following Koch's and Hill's criteria. AUTHOR: Miklossy J. SOURCE: J Neuroinflammation. 2011 Aug 4;8(1):90. [Epub ahead of print]

Alzheimer Disease: a novel hypothesis integrating spirochetes, biofilm, and the immune system. AUTHORS: Allen HB, Morales D, Jones K, Joshi S. SOURCE: Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases. http://www.omicsonline.com/open-access/neuroinfectious-diseases-abstract.php?abstract_id=67274 

Alzheimer's disease Braak Stage progressions: reexamined and redefined as Borrelia infection transmission through neural circuits. AUTHOR: MacDonald AB. SOURCE: Med Hypotheses. 2007;68(5):1059-64. Epub 2006 Nov 17.

Alzheimer's neuroborreliosis with trans-synaptic spread of infection and neurofibrillary tangles derived from intraneuronal spirochetes. AUTHOR: MacDonald AB. SOURCE: Med Hypotheses. 2007;68(4):822-5. Epub 2006 Oct 20.

Antibodies against OspA epitopes of Borrelia burgdorferi cross-react with neural tissue. AUTHORS: Alaedini A, Latov N. SOURCE: J Neuroimmunol. 2005 Feb;159(1-2):192-5. Epub 2004 Nov 26.

Anti-neural antibody reactivity in patients with a history of Lyme borreliosis and persistent symptoms. AUTHORS: Stricker RB, Johnson L. SOURCE: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 24 (2010) 1025

Anti-neural antibody reactivity in patients with a history of Lyme borreliosis and persistent symptoms. AUTHORS: Volkman D. SOURCE: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 24 (2010)

A Review of Death Certificates Listing Lyme Disease as a Cause of Death in the United States. AUTHORS: Kugeler KJ, Griffith KS, Gould LH et al.  SOURCE: Clin Infect Dis. (2011) 52 (3), 364-367. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciq157. http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/52/3/364.full.pdf  http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/52/3/364.long

The association between tick-borne infections, Lyme borreliosis and autism spectrum disorders 
AUTHORS: Bransfield RC, Wulfman JS, Harvey WT, Usman AI.
SOURCE: Medical Hypotheses. 5 Nov 2007

Association of Lyme Disease and Schizoaffective Disorder, Bipolar Type: Is it Inflammation Mediated? AUTHORS: Mattingley DW, Koola MM. SOURCE: Indian J Psychol Med. 2015 Apr-Jun;37(2):243-6.

Audiologic manifestations of patients with post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome 
AUTHORS: Shotland LI, Mastrioanni MA, Choo DL, Szymko-Bennett YM, Dally LG, Pikus AT, Sledjeski K, Marques A 
SOURCE: Ear Hear. 2003 Dec;24(6):508-17

Autism and Lyme Disease AUTHORS: Robert C. Bransfield, MD, Mason Kuhn, MS. SOURCE: JAMA. 2013;310(8):856 doi:10.1001/jama.2013.194747

A woman in her 50s with manic psychosis. AUTHORS: Pasareanu AR, Mygland Å, Kristensen Ø. SOURCE: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2012 Mar 6;132(5):537-9

Bacterial infection and Alzheimer's disease: a meta-analysis.
AUTHORS: Maheshwari P1, Eslick GD1. SOURCE: J Alzheimers Dis. 2015;43(3):957-66. doi: 10.3233/JAD-140621. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25182736

Bartonella henselae bacteremia in a mother and son potentially associated with tick exposure. AUTHORS: Maggi RG, Ericson M, Mascarelli PE, Bradley JM, Breitschwerdt EB. SOURCE: Parasites & Vectors April 2013, 6:101 doi:10.1186/1756-3305-6-101. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-6-101 

Bartonella henselae infection in a family experiencing neurological and neurocognitive abnormalities after woodlouse hunter spider bites. AUTHORS: Mascarelli PE, Maggi RG, Hopkins S, Mozayeni BR, Trull CL, Bradley JM, Hegarty BC, Breitschwerdt EB. SOURCE: Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:98 doi:10.1186/1756-3305-6-98. http://www.parasitesandvectors.com/content/6/1/98/abstract 

Bartonella sp. Bacteremia in Patients with Neurological and Neurocognitive Dysfunction. AUTHORS: Breitschwerdt EB. Maggi RG, Nicholson WL, Cherry NA, Woods CW. SOURCE: Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 46(9):2856–2861. 

The basic syndromes of neurological disorders in Lyme borreliosis. AUTHORS: Dekonenko EP, Umanskii KG, Virich IE, Kupriianova LV, Rudometov, IuP, Bagrov FI. SOURCE: Ter Arkh 1995; 67 (11) : 52-53

Benefit of intravenous antibiotic therapy in patients referred for treatment of neurologic Lyme disease. AUTHORS: Stricker RB, Delong AK, Green CL, Savely VR, Chamallas SN, Johnson L. SOURCE: Int J Gen Med 2011 9; 4 : 639-646

Behavioral Consequences of Infections of the Central Nervous System: With Emphasis on Viral Infections. AUTHORS: Tselis A, MD, Booss J. SOURCE: J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 31:289–98, 2003

Beta-amyloid deposition and Alzheimer's type changes induced by Borrelia spirochetes. AUTHORS: Miklossy J, Kis A, Radenovic A, Miller L, Forro L, Martins R, Reiss K, Darbinian N, Darekar P, Mihaly L, Khalili K. SOURCE: Neurobiol Aging. 2006 Feb;27(2):228-36.

Bell’s Palsy of the Gut and other Manifestations of Lyme and Associated Diseases. AUTHOR: Sherr VT. SOURCE: Practical Gastroenterology April 2006

Benefit of intravenous antibiotic therapy in patients referred for treatment of neurologic Lyme disease. AUTHORS: Stricker RB, DeLong AK, Green C, Savely VR, Chamallas SN, Johnson L. SOURCE: International Journal of General Medicine 2011:4 639–646. http://www.dovepress.com/articles.php?article_id=8224 

Bilateral dorsolateral thalamic lesions disrupts conscious recollection. AUTHORS: Edelstyn NM, Hunter B, Ellis SJ. SOURCE: Neuropsychologia. 2006;44(6):931-8. Epub 2005 Oct 25.

Biology and neuropathology of dementia in syphilis and Lyme disease. AUTHOR: MIKLOSSY J. EDITORS: Duyckaerts C, Litvan I. SOURCE: Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Vol. 89 (3rd series) Dementias 2008 Elsevier B.V. http://www.miklossy.ch/media/ChapterHandbookClinNeurolFinalPdf.pdf

Borrelia Burgdorferi: A Clinical Chameleon. AUTHORS: Samuel B, Axelband J, Mckim K, Leh D. SOURCE: Consultant. 2015;55(7):530-535. http://www.consultant360.com/articles/borrelia-burgdorferi-clinical-chameleon

Borrelia burgdorferi: Cell Biology and Clinical Manifestations in Latent Chronic Lyme. AUTHORS: Smith AJ, Oertle J, Prato D. SOURCE: Open Journal of Medical Microbiology, Vol.4 No.4, December 2014. http://www.scirp.org/Journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=51411#.VJDlHivF9M1 

Borrelia burgdorferi in the central nervous system: experimental and clinical evidence for early invasion. AUTHORS: Garcia-Monco JC, Villar BF, Alen JC, Benach JL. SOURCE: J Infect Dis. 1990 Jun;161(6):1187-93.

Borrelia burgdorferi central nervous system infection presenting as an organic schizophrenialike disorder. 
AUTHORS: Hess A, Buchmann J, Zettl UK, Henschel S, Schlaefke D, Grau G, Benecke R. 
SOURCE: Biol Psychiatry 1999 Mar 15;45(6):795

Borrelia burgdorferi in the nervous system: the new "great imitator". AUTHOR: Pachner AR. SOURCE: Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1988;539:56-64.

Borrelia burgdorferi persists in the brain in chronic lyme neuroborreliosis and may be associated with Alzheimer disease. AUTHORS: Miklossy J, Khalili K, Gern L, Ericson RL, Darekar P, Bolle L, Hurlimann J, Paster BJ. SOURCE: J Alzheimers Dis. 2004 Dec;6(6):639-49; discussion 673-81.

Borrelia burgdorferi-seropositive chronic encephalomyelopathy: Lyme neuroborreliosis? An autopsied report. 
AUTHORS: Kobayashi K, Mizukoshi C, Aoki T, Muramori F, Hayashi M, Miyazu K, Koshino Y, Ohta M, Nakanishi I, Yamaguchi N. 
SOURCE: Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 1997 Nov-Dec;8(6):384-90.

Borreliosis--simultaneous Lyme carditis and psychiatric disorders--case report. AUTHORS: Legatowicz-Koprowska M, Gziut AI, Walczak E, Gil RJ, Wagner T. SOURCE: Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2008 May;24(143):433-5. Polish.

Brain SPECT Imaging in Chronic Lyme Disease. 
AUTHORS: Plutchok JJ, Tikofsky RS, Liegner KB, Fallon BA, Van Heertum RL. 
SOURCE: Journal of Spirochetal and Tick Borne-Diseases, 1999; 6: 10-16.

Can infections and immune reactions to them cause violent behavior? AUTHOR: Bransfield RC. SOURCE: Abstracts of 11th Psychoimmunology Expert Meeting, March 8–11, 2012

Neurology, Psychiatry and Brain Research. Volume 18, Issue 2, Page 42 (March 2012)

Carbamazepine in the treatment of Lyme disease-induced hyperacusis. 
AUTHORS: Nields JA, Fallon BA, Jastreboff PJ. 
SOURCE: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 1999 Winter;11(1):97-9

A case of meningoencephalitis by the relapsing fever spirochaete Borrelia miyamotoi in Europe. AUTHORS: Hovius JWR et al. SOURCE: www.thelancet.com Vol 382 August 17, 2013

Case records of the MSG Hospital. Case 1-2017: A 70-Year-Old Woman with Gradually Progressive Loss of Language. AUTHORS: Marsel Mesulam M, Dickerson, BC, Janet C. Sherman JC, Hochberg D, Gonzalez RG, Johnson KA, Frosch MA. SOURCE: N Engl J Med 2017;376:158-67.

Case report: Lyme disease and complex partial seizures. AUTHOR: Bransfield RC. SOURCE: Journal of Spirochetes and Tick-borne Diseases; Fall/Winter 1999, Vol 6, p123-125

Case Shows How Lyme Disease Can Mimic New-Onset Panic Disorder. AUTHOR: Sinclair L. SOURCE: Psychiatric News. 2013 Vol 48(13)1. DOI: 10.1176/appi.pn.2013.6b19. http://psychnews.psychiatryonline.org/newsarticle.aspx?articleid=1700960 

Catatonia in a 14 year-old girl: treatment with clorazepam and carbamazepine, a 10-year follow-up. AUTHORS: Askenazy F, Dor E, Benoit M, Dupuis G, Serret S, Myquel M, Seddiki Y. SOURCE: Encephale. 2010 Feb;36(1):46-53.

Catatonic syndrome in acute severe encephalitis due to Borrelia burgdorferi infection. Pfister HW, Preac-Mursic V, Wilske B, Rieder G, Forderreuther S, Schmidt S, AUTHORS: Kapfhammer HP. SOURCE: Neurology. 1993 Feb;43(2):433-5.

Central nervous system manifestations of human ehrlichiosis. 
AUTHORS: Ratnasamy N, Everett ED, Roland WE, McDonald G, Caldwell CW. 
SOURCE: Clin Infect Dis 1996 Aug;23(2):314-9

Central nervous system manifestations of Lyme disease. AUTHORS: Pachner AR, Duray P, Steere AC. SOURCE: Arch Neurol. 1989 Jul;46(7):790-5.

Cerebral metabolic changes associated with Lyme disease 
AUTHORS: Newberg A, Hassan A, Alavi A. 
SOURCE: Nucl Med Commun 2002 August;23(8):773-777

Chronic Bacterial and Viral Infections in Neurodegenerative and Neurobehavioral Diseases. AUTHORS: Nicholson GL. SOURCE: Lab Medicine. 2008;39(5):291-9.

Chronic borrelia encephalomyeloradiculitis with severe mental disturbance: immunosuppressive versus antibiotic therapy. AUTHORS: Kollikowski HH, Schwendemann G, Schulz M, Wilhelm H, Lehmann HJ. SOURCE: J Neurol. 1988 Jan;235(3):140-2.

Chronic central nervous system involvement in Lyme borreliosis. AUTHORS: Kohler J, Kern U, Kasper J, Rhese-Küpper B, Thoden U. SOURCE: Neurology. 1988 Jun;38(6):863-7.

Chronic inflammation and amyloidogenesis in Alzheimer's disease -- role of Spirochetes. AUTHORS: Miklossy J. SOURCE: J Alzheimers Dis. 2008 May;13(4):381-91. Review.

Chronic Lyme Disease Linked to ADHD in Adults. AUTHOR: Young JL. SOURCE: American Psychiatric Association's 2012 Annual Meeting. Medscape. May 08,2012. http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/763458 

Chronic neuroborreliosis in infancy. AUTHORS: Zamponi N, Cardinali C, Tavoni MA, Porfiri L, Rossi R, Manca A. SOURCE: Ital J Neurol Sci (1999) 20:303-307

Chronic neurologic manifestations of erythema migrans borreliosis. 
AUTHORS: Ackermann R, Rehse-Kupper B, Gollmer E, Schmidt R. 
SOURCE: Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1988;539:16-23.

Chronic neurologic manifestations of Lyme disease. AUTHORS: Logigian EL, Kaplan RF, Steere AC. SOURCE: N Engl J Med. 1990 Nov 22;323(21):1438-44.

Chronic or late lyme neuroborreliosis: analysis of evidence compared to chronic or late neurosyphilis. AUTHORS: Miklossy J. SOURCE: Open Neurol J 2012; 6: 146-57.

Chronic or Late Lyme Neuroborreliosis: Present and Future 
AUTHORS: Miklossy J, Donta S, Mueller K, Nolte O, Perry G. SOURCE: The Open Neurology Journal. 2012; 6: Pp. 78 [DOI: 10.2174/1874205X01206010078] http://benthamscience.com/open/toneuj/articles/V006/SI0078TONEUJ/78TONEUJ.pdf

Clinical and demographic characteristics of psychiatric patients seropositive for Borrelia burgdorferi. AUTHORS: Hájek T, Libiger J, Janovská D, Hájek P, Alda M, Höschl C. SOURCE: Eur Psychiatry. 2006 Mar;21(2):118-22.

Clinical manifestations and epidemiological aspects leading to a diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis: neurological and psychiatric manifestations in the course of Lyme borreliosis. AUTHORS: Créange A. SOURCE: Med Mal Infect. 2007 Jul-Aug;37(7-8):532-9. Epub 2007 Mar 26. Review. French.

Co-existance of toxoplasmosis and neuroborreliosis - a case report. 
AUTHORS: Gustaw K, Beltowska K, Dlugosz E. 
SOURCE: Ann Agric Environ Med. 2005;12(2):305-8.

Coexisting of borreliosis, depression and psoriasis--case report. AUTHORS: Oglodek E, Mos D, Araszkiewicz A. SOURCE: Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2010 Jan;28(163):53-5.

Cognitive functioning in late Lyme borreliosis. AUTHORS: Krupp LB, Masur D, Schwartz J, Coyle PK, Langenbach LJ, Fernquist SK, Jandorf L, Halperin JJ. SOURCE: Arch Neurol. 1991 Nov;48(11):1125-9.

Cognitive Impairments after Tick-borne Encephalitis. AUTHORS: Gustaw-Rothenberg K. SOURCE: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders. 2008;26:165-168.

Cognitive processing speed in Lyme disease. 
AUTHORS: Pollina DA, Sliwinski M, Squires NK, Krupp LB. 
SOURCE: Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychol Behav Neurol. 1999 Jan;12(1):72-8.

Commentary Re: a critical appraisal of the mild axonal peripheral neuropathy of late neurologic Lyme disease, by Wormser et al. DMID 2016. AUTHOR: Greenberg R. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2017 May;88(1):106. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2017.01.017. Epub 2017 Feb 8. PubMed PMID: 28365059.

Common mechanisms involved in Alzheimer's disease and type 2 diabetes: a key role of chronic bacterial infection and inflammation. AUTHORS: Miklossy J, McGeer PL. SOURCE: Aging (Albany NY). 2016 Apr;8(4):575-88. http://www.impactaging.com/papers/v8/n4/full/100921.html 

Complaints attributed to chronic Lyme disease: depression or fibromyalgia? AUTHORS: Berman DS, Wenglin BD. SOURCE: Am J Med. 1995 Oct;99(4):440.

Concepts of trust among patients with serious illness. AUTHORS: Mechanic D, Meyer S. SOURCE: Soc Sci Med. 2000 Sep;51(5):657-68.

Concurrent infection of the central nervous system by Borrelia burgdorferi and Bartonella henselae: evidence for a novel tick-borne disease complex. AUTHORS: Eskow E, Rao RV, Mordechai E. SOURCE: Arch Neurol. 2001 Sep;58(9):1357-63.

Concurrent Lyme disease and babesiosis. Evidence for increased severity and duration of illness. AUTHORS: Krause PJ, Telford SR 3rd, Spielman A, Sikand V, Ryan R, Christianson D, Burke G, Brassard P, Pollack R, Peck J, Persing DH. SOURCE: JAMA. 1996 Jun 5;275(21):1657-60.

Concurrent medical conditions with pediatric bipolar disorder. AUTHORS: Scheffer RE, Linden S. SOURCE: Curr Opin Psychiatry. (2007) 20(4), 398-401. Review.

Concurrent neocortical borreliosis and Alzheimer's disease: Demonstration of a spirochetal cyst form. AUTHOR: MacDonald AB. SOURCE: Ann N Y Acad Sci 1988; 539:468-470.

Concurrent medical conditions with pediatric bipolar disorder. AUTHORS: Scheffer RE, Linden S. SOURCE: Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2007 Jul;20(4):398-401. Review.

Consequences of treatment delay in Lyme disease. AUTHORS: Cameron DJ. SOURCE: J Eval Clin Pract. 2007 Jun;13(3):470-2.

Constipation Heralding Neuroborreliosis 
AUTHORS: Shamim A, Shamim S; Liss G; Nylen E; Pincus J; Yepes M. 
SOURCE: Arch Neurol. 2005;62:671-673.

A Controlled Study of Cognitive Deficits in Children With Chronic Lyme Disease 
AUTHORS: Tager FA, Fallon BA, Keilp J, Rissenberg M, Jones CR, Liebowitz MR. 
SOURCE: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 13:500-507, November 2001 
FULL TEXT: http://www.lymediseaseassociation.org/Tager.pdf

Correlates of Perceived Health-Related Quality of Life in Post-treatment Lyme Encephalopathy. Authors: Chandra AM, Keilp JG, Fallon BA. Source: Psychosomatics 2013(Jul) Psychosomatics. 2013 Jul 9. pii: S0033-3182(13)00078-9. doi:10.1016/j.psym.2013.04.003. [Epub ahead of print]

Delirium and Lyme disease. 
AUTHORS: Caliendo MV, Kushon DJ, Helz JW. 
SOURCE: Psychosomatics. 1995 Jan-Feb;36(1):69-74.

Delusional disorders in the course of tick-born encephalitis and borreliosis in patients with hemophilia A and posttraumatic epilepsy--diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. AUTHORS: Grzywa A, Karakuła H, Górecka J, Chuchra M. SOURCE: Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2004 Jan;16(91):60-3. Polish.

Dementia associated with infectious diseases. AUTHOR: Almeida OP, Lautenschlager NT. SOURCE: Int Psychogeriatr. 2005;17 Suppl 1:S65-77. Review.

Demyelinating polyradiculitis in neuro borreliosis. AUTHORS: Corral I, Sanchis G, Garcia-Ribas G, Quereda C, Escudero R, de Blas G. SOURCE: Neurologia 1995 Feb; 10 (2) : 110-113

Detection of Bartonella henselae by polymerase chain reaction in brain tissue of an immunocompromised patient with multiple enhancing lesions. Case report and review of the literature. AUTHORS: George TI, Manley G, Koehler JE, Hung VS, McDermott M, Bollen A. SOURCE: J Neurosurg. 1998 Oct;89(4):640-4. Review.

Diagnosis of Infectious or Inflammatory Psychosyndromes
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The diagnosis of Lyme disease. AUTHOR: Bransfield RC. SOURCE: Hosp Pract (Minneap). 1996 Aug 15;31(8):35, 40.

Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Lyme disease. AUTHOR: Bransfield RC. SOURCE: JAMA. 1998 Sep 23-30;280(12):1049; author reply 1051.

Diagnostic pitfalls in a young Romanian ranger with an acute psychotic episode. AUTHORS: Nagy EE, Rácz A, Urbán E, Terhes G, Berki T, Horváth E, Georgescu AM, Zaharia-Kézdi IE. SOURCE: Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2016 May 3;12:961-7. eCollection 2016.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4862346/ 

Differential Diagnosis and Treatment of Lyme Disease with Special Reference to Psychiatric Practice. 
AUTHORS: Nields JA, Fallon BA. 
SOURCE: Directions in Psychiatry, 1998, 18: 209-228.

Differential Diagnosis and the Suspension of Judgment. AUTHOR: Ashley Graham Kennedy. SOURCE: J Med Philos (2013) doi: 10.1093/jmp/jht043 First published online: August 29, 2013. http://jmp.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2013/08/28/jmp.jht043 

Differential diagnostic problems in Lyme disease (Borrelia infection resulting in acute exogenous psychosis). AUTHORS: Császár T, Patakfalvi A. SOURCE: Orv Hetil. 1994 Oct 9;135(41):2269-71.

A disease in disguise. Lyme can masquerade as migraine, or as madness. AUTHORS: Cowley G, Underwood A. SOURCE: Newsweek. 2004 Aug 23;144(8):62.

Divergent Opinions of Proper Lyme Disease Diagnosis and Implications For Children Co-Morbid with Autism Spectrum Disorder. AUTHORS: Kuhn M, Bransfield RC. SOURCE: Medical Hypotheses Accepted: June 6, 2014; Published Online: June 16, 2014
http://www.medical-hypotheses.com/article/S0306-9877(14)00233-3/abstract 

Do bartonella infections cause agitation, panic disorder, and treatment-resistant depression? AUTHORS: Schaller JL, Burkland GA, Langhoff PJ. SOURCE: MedGenMed. 2007 Sep 13;9(3):54.

Does process-specific slowing account for cognitive deficits in Lyme disease? AUTHORS: Pollina DA, Elkins LE, Squires NK, Scheffer SR, Krupp LB. SOURCE: Appl Neuropsychol. 1999;6(1):27-32.

Dramatic response to a 3-week course of ceftriaxone in late neuroborreliosis mimicking atypical dementia and normal pressure hydrocephalus. AUTHORS: Topakian R, Artemian H, Metschitzer B, Lugmayr H, Kühr T, Pischinger B. SOURCE: J Neurol Sci. 2016. Jul 15;366:146-8.

Early disseminated Lyme disease: Lyme meningitis. AUTHOR: Pachner AR. SOURCE: Am J Med; (1995) 98(4A):30S-37S

Early-life programming of later-life brain and behavior: a critical role for the immune system. AUTHORS: Staci D. BilboSD, Jaclyn M. Schwarz JM. SOURCE: Frontiers in Behvrioral Neurosciences. 2009:3

Efficacy of a long-term antibiotic treatment in patients with a chronic Tick Associated Poly-organic Syndrome (TAPOS). AUTHOR: Clarissou J, Song A, Bernede C, Guillemot D, Dinh A, Ader F, Perronne C, Salomon J. SOURCE: Med Mal Infect. 2009 Feb;39(2):108-15. Epub 2009 Jan 4.

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Neuropsychiatric Lyme Disease: the New 'Great Imitator' 
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Neuropsychological deficits in neuroborreliosis. AUTHORS: Primavera A, Gazzola P, De Maria AF. SOURCE: Neurology. 1999 Sep 11;53(4):895-6.

The neuropsychological examination of naming in Lyme borreliosis. AUTHORS: Svetina C, Barr WB, Rastogi R, Hilton E. SOURCE: Appl Neuropsychol. 1999;6(1):33-8.

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Neuro-Visual Processing Rehabilitation: An Interdisciplinary Approach. AUTHOR: Padula, W., Munitz, R. & Magrun, W.M. SOURCE: Optometric Extension Program Foundation, Inc., Santa Ana, CA, 2012

New insights into stages of lyme disease symptoms from a novel hospital-based registry. AUTHORS: Lobraico J, Butler A, Petrini J, Ahmadi R. SOURCE: J Prim Care Community Health. 2014 Oct;5(4):284-7.

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Outcomes of cases of chronic disseminated Lyme disease for 3 infected physicians, described in their own essays. AUTHORS: Sherr V. SOURCE: 2000. Available online at www.thehumansideoflyme.net 

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Pediatric Lyme Disease: A School Issue: Tips for School Nurses. AUTHORS: Hamlen RA, Kliman DS. SOURCE: NASN School Nurse 2009; 24; 114

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Regional cerebral blood flow and metabolic rate in persistent Lyme encephalopathy. AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Lipkin RB, Corbera KM, Yu S, Nobler MS, Keilp JG, Petkova E, Lisanby SH, Moeller JR, Slavov I, Van Heertum R, Mensh BD, Sackeim HA. SOURCE: Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2009 May;66(5):554-63.

Relationship of Inflammation and Autoimmunity to Psychiatric Sequelae in Lyme Disease. AUTHOR: Bransfield RC. SOURCE: PSYCHIATRIC ANNALS. 2012 42(9):337-41. http://www.ilads.org/ilads_news/2012/relationship-of-inflammation-and-autoimmunity-to-psychiatric-sequelae-in-lyme-disease/ 

Relevance of Chronic Lyme Disease to Family Medicine as a Complex Multidimensional Chronic Disease Construct: A Systematic Review. AUTHORS: Borgermans L, Goderis G, Vandevoorde J, Devroey D. SOURCE: International Journal of Family Medicine. Volume 2014 (2014)

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Role of Chronic Bacterial and Viral Infections in Neurodegenerative, Neurobehavioral, Psychiatric, Autoimmune and Fatiguing Illnesses. AUTHORS: Nicholson GL, Haier J. SOURCE: British Journal of Medical Practitioners. 2009:2(4)20-8.

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Role of psychiatric comorbidity in chronic Lyme disease. AUTHORS: Hassett AL, Radvanski DC, Buyske S, Savage SV, Gara M, Escobar JI, Sigal LH. SOURCE: Arthritis Rheum. 2008 Dec 15;59(12):1742-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19035409 

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Safety of intravenous antibiotic therapy in patients referred for treatment of neurologic Lyme disease. AUTHORS: Stricker RB, Green CL, Savely VR, Chamallas SN, Johnson L.  SOURCE: Minerva Med. 2010 Feb;101(1):1-7.

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Seasonal correlation of sporadic schizophrenia to Ixodes ticks and Lyme borreliosis 
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Signs and significance of a tick-bite: psychiatric disorders associated with Lyme disease. AUTHOR: Sno HN. SOURCE: Tijdschr Psychiatr. 2012;54(3):235-43.

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Spirochetal cyst forms in neurodegenerative disorders,...hiding in plain sight. AUTHORS: MacDonald AB. SOURCE: Med Hypotheses. 2006;67(4):819-32. Epub 2006 Jul 7.

SPECT Brain Imaging in Chronic Lyme Disease. AUTHORS: Donta ST, Noto RB, Vento JA. SOURCE: Clinical Nuclear Medicine & Volume 37, Number 9, September 2012

Spirochetal diseases of the nervous system. AUTHORS: Cintron R, Pachner AR. SOURCE: Curr Opin Neurol. 1994 Jun;7(3):217-22. Review.

Spirochetes on the Brain. AUTHOR: Bransfield RC. SOURCE: Science Research May 13, 2008. http://www.publichealthalert.org/spirochetes-on-the-brain.html 

Startle myoclonus induced by Lyme neuroborreliosis: a case report. AUTHORS: Schoof J, Kluge C, Heinze HJ, Galazky I. SOURCE: J Med Case Rep 2013(May); 7(1): 124. DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-7-124

Study and treatment of post Lyme disease (STOP-LD): a randomized double masked clinical trial. AUTHORS: Krupp LB, Hyman LG, Grimson R, Coyle PK, Melville P, Ahnn S, Dattwyler R, Chandler B. SOURCE: Neurology. 2003 Jun 24;60(12):1923-30.

Study design questions regarding long-term assessment of health-related quality of life in patients with culture-confirmed early Lyme disease. AUTHOR: Greenberg R. SOURCE: Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Dec 1;61(11):1764-5. doi: 10.1093/cid/civ704. Epub 2015 Aug 13. PubMed PMID: 26270689.

Subarachnoid hemorrhage in a patient with Lyme disease. AUTHORS: Cheherama M, Zagardo MT, Koski CL. SOURCE: Neurology (1997);48:520-523

Successful treatment of Lyme encephalopathy with intravenous ceftriaxone. AUTHORS: Logigian EL, Kaplan RF, Steere AC. SOURCE: J Infect Dis. 1999 Aug;180(2):377-83.

Suicide and Lyme and associated diseases. AUTHOR: Bransfield RC. SOURCE: Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2017 Jun 16;13:1575-1587. doi: 10.2147/NDT.S136137.

Survival strategies of Borrelia burgdorferi, the etiologic agent of Lyme disease. AUTHORS: Embers ME, Ramamoorthy R, Philipp MT. SOURCE: Microbes Infect. 2004 Mar;6(3):312-8. Review.

Tc-99m HMPAO Brain SPECT Imaging in Chronic Lyme Disease. AUTHORS: Plutchok JJ, Tikofsky RS, Liegner K, Kochevar JM, Fallon BA, Van SOURCE: Heertum RL. J of Spirochetal and Tick-borne Diseases 6: 117-122, 1999.

Tick-borne infections and pediatric bipolar disorder. AUTHOR: Greenberg R. SOURCE: Neurology, Psychiatry and Brain Research Volume 22, Issue 1, March 2016, Pages 11. 13th Psychoimmunology Expert Meeting March 3–6, 2016

The association of lyme disease with loss of sexual libido and the role of urinary bladder detrusor dysfunction. AUTHORS: Puri BK, Shah M, Julu PO, Kingston MC, Monro JA. SOURCE: Int Neurourol J. 2014 Jun;18(2):95-7.

The effect of artesunate on short-term memory in Lyme borreliosis. AUTHOR: Puri BK et al. SOURCE: Medical Hypotheses 2017

The lack of correlation between the incidence of Lyme disease and deaths due to Alzheimer’s disease cannot reflect the lack of involvement of Borrelia burgdorferi in Alzheimer’s dementia. AUTHOR: Miklossy J. SOURCE: The Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease. Aug 2014 http://j-alz.com/node/384

The neuropsychiatric assessment of Lyme disease. AUTHOR: Bransfield, R. SOURCE: Available online at www.mentalhealthandillness.com 

The neuropsychiatric manifestations of Lyme Borreliosis. AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Nields JA, Burrascano JJ, Liegner K, DelBene D, Liebowitz MR. SOURCE: Psychiatric Quarterly 1992; 63: 95-117

The American Psychiatric Association Psychiatric Guidelines for the Psychiatric Assessment of Adults Third Edition. AUTHORS: APA Work Group on Psychiatric Evaluation. SOURCE: http://psychiatryonline.org/doi/pdf/10.1176/appi.books.9780890426760

The Psychoimmunology of Lyme/Tick-Borne Diseases and its Association with Neuropsychiatric Symptoms. AUTHOR: Bransfield RC. SOURCE: The Open Neurology Journal. (2012) 6, (Suppl 1-M3) 88-93.

The Putative Role of Viruses, Bacteria, and Chronic Fungal Biotoxin Exposure in the Genesis of Intractable Fatigue Accompanied by Cognitive and Physical Disability. AUTHORS: Morris G, Berk M, Walder K, Maes M. SOURCE: Mol Neurobiol. 2015 Jun 17.

The Relationship between Tourette’s Syndrome and Infections. AUTHORS: Krause D L, Norbert Müller N. SOURCE: The Open Neurology Journal, 2012, 6, (Suppl 1-M8) 124-128. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3514747/pdf/TONEUJ-6-124.pdf 

The Role of Infection and Immune Responsiveness in a Case of Treatment-Resistant Pediatric Bipolar Disorder. AUTHOR: Greenberg R. SOURCE: Front. Psychiatry, 22 May 2017 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00078

The underdiagnosis of neuropsychiatric Lyme disease in children and adults. AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Kochevar J, Nields J.  SOURCE: In Diagnostic Dilemmas. Edited by David Tomb. Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 1998.

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Tick-borne infections--a growing public health threat to school-age children. Prevention steps that school personnel can take. AUTHOR: Hamlen R. SOURCE: NASN Sch Nurse 2012(Mar); 27(2): 94-100. http://nas.sagepub.com/content/27/2/94 

Tick-borne infections and pediatric bipolar disorder. AUTHOR: Greenberg R. SOURCE: Neurology, Psychiatry and Brain Research Volume 22, Issue 1, March 2016, Pages 11. 13th Psychoimmunology Expert Meeting March 3–6, 2016

Transfection "Junk" DNA - a link to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease? AUTHORS: MacDonald AB. SOURCE: Med Hypotheses. 2006;66(6):1140-1. Epub 2006 Feb 14.

Treating Depression and Compensatory Narcissistic Personality Style in a Man with Chronic Lyme Disease. AUTHOR: Leedy MJ, Jackson M, Callahan JL. SOURCE: Clinical Case Studies. 2007 Oct 6(5):430-42. http://www.psyc.unt.edu/~jennifercallahan/CompensatoryNarcissism.pdf 

Treatment of patients with persistent symptoms and a history of Lyme disease. AUTHORS: Bransfield R, Brand S, Sherr V. SOURCE: N Engl J Med. 2001 Nov 8;345(19):1424-5.

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Tremor, seizures and psychosis as presenting symptoms in a patient with chronic lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB). AUTHORS: Markeljević J, Sarac H, Rados M. SOURCE: Coll Antropol. 2011 Jan;35 Suppl 1:313-8.

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The role of kynurenines in disorders of the central nervous system: Possibilities for neuroprotection. AUTHORS: Vamos E, Pardutz A, Klivenyi P, Toldi J, Vecsei L. SOURCE: J Neurol Sci. 2009 Mar 4.

The Underdiagnosis of Neuropsychiatric Lyme Disease in Children and Adults 
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Value of clinical symptoms, intrathecal specific antibody production and PCR in CSF in the diagnosis of childhood Lyme neuroborreliosis. AUTHORS: Issakainen J, Gnehm HE, Lucchini GM, Zbinden R. SOURCE: Klin Padiatr 1996 May-Jun; 208 (3) : 106-109

Vasculitis, cerebral infarction and persistent Bartonella henselae infection in a child. AUTHORS: Balakrishnan N, Ericson M, Maggi R, Breitschwerdt EB. SOURCE: Parasit Vectors. 2016 May 10;9(1):254.

Wann ist eine Borreliose eine Neuroborreliose? Die Borreliose und ihre neuro-psychiatrischen Symptome. AUTHORS: Lorenz M, Redecker H. SOURCE: (2013) http://www.borreliose-lorenz.de/neuroborreliose.html

WAIS-III and WMS-III performance in chronic Lyme disease. 
AUTHORS: Keilp JG, Corbera K, Slavov I, Taylor MJ, Sackeim HA, Fallon BA. 
SOURCE: J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2006 Jan;12(1):119-29

A 25-year-old woman with hallucinations, hypersexuality, nightmares, and a rash. 
AUTHORS: Stein SL, Solvason HB, Biggart E, Spiegel D. 
SOURCE: Am J Psychiatry. 1996 Apr;153(4):545-51.

A 58-year-old man with a diagnosis of chronic Lyme disease, 1 year later. Steere AC. JAMA. 2002 Aug 28;288(8):1002-10.

A 58-year-old man with a diagnosis of chronic Lyme disease, 1 year later. Burns RB, Hartman EE. JAMA. 2003 Dec 24;290(24):3247.

Additional Articles by Dr. Bransfield:

  • Aggression and Lyme Disease. 
  • All In Your Head? 
  • A Tale of Two Spirochetes. 
  • Lyme Disease and Cognitive Impairments. 
  • Lyme, Depression, and Suicide
  • Lyme Neuroborreliosis and Aggression (14th International Scientific Conference on Lyme Disease and Other Tick-Borne Disorder. April 21-23, 2001)
  • Microbes and Mental Illness
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Infectious Encephalopathies
  • Sex and Lyme Disease
  • Spirochetes on the Brain
  • The Klempner Article. Bransfield R. Brand R.
  • The Neuropsychiatric Assessment of Lyme Disease. www.mentalhealthandillness.com/tnaold.html & http://www.anapsid.org/lyme/bransfield-neuropsych.pdf
  • The Psychotropic Management of Late-Stage Lyme and Associated Diseases
  • What Causes Illness and Mental Illness?

Sources

Some of the above references and additional articles are also listed online at: Neuropsychiatric Lyme Disease Online Resources: 
http://www.lymeinfo.net/neuropsych.html

And Cavete Diagnosen (Cavete, lat.: hütet euch davor, d.h. hier: vor diesen Diagnosen): http://www.erlebnishaft.de/cavete_diagnosen.pdf  http://www.erlebnishaft.de/kommentalternativ.pdf

Lees 12552 keer Laatst aangepast op donderdag, 07 september 2017 13:31
Huib

Huib Kraaijeveld

Initiator On Lyme Foundation