Late Lyme disease of kidney & ureter references **
Finnian R. Mc Causland, Sophie Niedermaier, Vanesa Bijol, Helmut G. Rennke, Mary E. Choi, John P. Forman; Lyme disease-associated glomerulonephritis. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2011; 26 (9): 3054-3056. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfr335 [PubMed]
Florens N, Lemoine S, Guebre-Egziabher F, et al. Chronic Lyme borreliosis associated with minimal change glomerular disease: a case report. BMC Nephrol. 2017;18(1). doi:10.1186/s12882-017-0462-4. [PubMed]
Kelly B, Finnegan P, Cormican M, et al. . Lyme disease and glomerulonephritis, Ir Med J, 1999, vol. 92 pg. 372 [PubMed]
Papineni P, Doherty T, Pickett T, et al. . Membranous glomerulonephritis secondary to Borrelia burgdorferi infection presenting as nephrotic syndrome, NDT Plus, 2010, vol. 3 (pg. 105-106) [PubMed] ScholarPubMed
Rawal B, Rovner L, Thakar C, et al. MPGN and nephrotic syndrome secondary to Lyme disease, Am J Kidney Dis (abstract), 2008, vol. 51 pg. B83
Some definitions of Terminology
✓ The secondary stage results from the dissemination of Borrelia during the early latent stage.
✓ The late stage is considered chronic if the duration is more than six months.
✓ ** (double red asterisks) indicates possibility of fatality from the condition
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