Lyme nephritis references ** 

Kelly B, Finnegan P, Cormican M, Callaghan J. Lyme disease and glomerulonephritis. Ir Med J. 2017;92(5):372. [PubMed]

Kirmizis D, Chatzidimitriou D. Comment on 'Membranous glomerulonephritis secondary to Borrelia burgdorferi infection presenting as nephrotic syndrome'. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation. 2010;25(5):1723-1727. doi:10.1093/ndt/gfq028. [PubMed]

Kirmizis D, Chatzidimitriou D. Renal Manifestations of Lyme Disease: Interplay between Infection and Immunostimulation. In: Holmgren A, Borg G, ed. Handbook Of Disease Outbreaks: Prevention, Detection And Control. 1st ed. New York: Nova Science Publishers Inc; 2010. [https://www.novapublishers.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=11009]

Kirmizis D, Efstratiadis G, Economidou D, Diza-Mataftsi E, Leontsini M, Memmos D. MPGN secondary to lyme disease. American Journal of Kidney Diseases. 2004;43(3):544-551. doi:10.1053/j.ajkd.2003.11.014. [PubMed]

Kwiatkowska E, Gołembiewska E, Ciechanowski K, Kędzierska K. Minimal-Change Disease Secondary toBorrelia burgdorferiInfection. Case Reports in Nephrology. 2012;2012:1-3. doi:10.1155/2012/294532. [PubMed]

Mc Causland F, Niedermaier S, Bijol V, Rennke H, Choi M, Forman J. Lyme disease-associated glomerulonephritis. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation. 2011;26(9):3054-3056. doi:10.1093/ndt/gfr335. [PubMed]

Papineni P, Doherty T, Pickett T, Toth T, Boddana P. Membranous glomerulonephritis secondary to Borrelia burgdorferi infection presenting as nephrotic syndrome. Clinical Kidney Journal. 2009;3(1):105-106. doi:10.1093/ndtplus/sfp160. [PubMed]

Rawal B, Rovner L, Thakar C, Pollock J. 221: MPGN and Nephrotic Syndrome (NS) Secondary to Lyme Disease (LD). American Journal of Kidney Diseases. 2008;51(4):B83. doi:10.1053/j.ajkd.2008.02.231. [http://www.ajkd.org/article/S0272-6386(08)00402-2/abstract

 

Some definitions of Terminology

✓  The secondary stage results from the dissemination of Borrelia during the early latent stage.

✓  The late stage is considered chronic if the duration is more than six months.

✓ ** (double red asterisks) indicates possibility of fatality from the condition 

 

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