Lyme hepatitis references **

Comstock LE, Thomas DD. Penetration of endothelial cell monolayers by Borrelia burgdorferi, Infect Immun , 1989, vol. 57 (pg. 1626-8) [PubMed]

Goellner MH, Agger WA, Burgess JH, Duray PH. Hepatitis due to recurrent Lyme disease, Ann Intern Med , 1988, vol. 108 (pg. 707-8) [PubMed]

Schaible UE, Gay S, Museteanu C, et al. . Lyme borreliosis in the severe combined immunodeficiency (scid) mouse manifests predominantly in the joint, heart and liver, Am J Pathol, 1990, vol. 137 (pg. 811-20) [PubMed]

Zaidi SA, Singer C. Gastrointestinal and Hepatic Manifestations of Tickborne Diseases in the United States. Clin Infect Dis. 2002:34(9):1206-1212. DOI: [PubMed


Some definitions of Terminology

✓  The secondary stage results from the dissemination of Borrelia during the early latent stage.

✓  The late stage is considered chronic if the duration is more than six months.

✓ ** (double red asterisks) indicates possibility of fatality from the condition 


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