Late Lyme meningo-encephalitis or meningomyelo encephalitis references **

Ackermann R, Gollmer E, Rehse-Küpper B. [Progressive Borrelia encephalomyelitis. Chronic manifestation of erythema chronicum migrans disease of the nervous system]. [in German]. DMW - Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift. 1985;110(26):1039-1042. doi:10.1055/s-2008-1068956. [PubMed]

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Bertrand E, Szpak GM, Pilkowska E, et al. Central nervous system infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi. Clinico-pathological correlation of three post- mortem cases. Folia neuropathologica. 1999;37:43–51. [PubMed]

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Cassarino DS, Quezado MM, Ghatak NR, Duray PH. Lyme-associated parkinsonism: a neuropathologic case study and review of the literature. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2003;127:1204–6. [PubMed]

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De Cauwer H, Declerck S, De Smet J, et al. Motor neuron disease features in a patient with neuroborreliosis and a cervical anterior horn lesion. Acta clinica Belgica. 2009;64:225–7. [PubMed]

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Duray PH, Steere AC. Clinical pathologic correlations of Lyme disease by stage. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1988;539:65–79. [PubMed

Duray PH, Steere AC. The spectrum of organ and systems pathology in human Lyme disease. Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A. 1986;263:169–78. [PubMed]

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Oksi J, Viljanen MK, Kalimo H, et al. Fatal encephalitis caused by concomitant infection with tick-borne encephalitis virus and Borrelia burgdorferi. Clinical infectious diseases: an official publication of the Infectious. Dis Soc Am. 1993;16:392–6. [PubMed

Omasits M, Seiser A, Brainin M. [Recurrent and relapsing course of borreliosis of the nervous system]. [in German]. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 1990;102:4–12. [PubMed]

Oschmann P, Dorndorf W, Hornig C, Schafer C, Wellensiek HJ, Pflughaupt KW. Stages and syndromes of neuroborreliosis. J Neurol. 1998;245:262–72. [PubMed]

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Pennekamp A, Jaques M. [Chronic neuroborreliosis with gait ataxia and cognitive disorders]. [in German]. Praxis (Bern 1994). 1997;86(20):867-9. [PubMed]

Pfefferkorn T, Feddersen B, Schulte-Altedorneburg G, Linn J, Pfister HW. Tick-borne encephalitis with polyradiculitis documented by MRI. Neurology. 2007;68:1232–3. [PubMed]

Ponz E, Graus F, Alvarez R, Sarmiento X, Vidal J, Grau JM. [Meningoencephalomyelitis caused by Borrelia burgdorferi: a case without epidemiologic history or chronic migratory erythema]. [in Spanish]. Med Clin (Barc). 1989;93:218–20. [PubMed]

Reik L Jr, Burgdorfer W, Donaldson JO. Neurologic abnormalities in Lyme disease without erythema chronicum migrans. Am J Med. 1986;81:73–8. [PubMed]

Shadick NA, Phillips CB, Logigian EL, et al. The long-term clinical outcomes of Lyme disease. A population-based retrospective cohort study. Ann Intern Med. 1994;121:560–7. [PubMed]

Weder B, Wiedersheim P, Matter L, Steck A, Otto F. Chronic progressive neurological involvement in Borrelia burgdorferi infection. J Neurol. 1987;234:40–3. [PubMed

 

Some definitions of Terminology

✓  The secondary stage results from the dissemination of Borrelia during the early latent stage.

✓  The late stage is considered chronic if the duration is more than six months.

✓ ** (double red asterisks) indicates possibility of fatality from the condition 

 

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